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Brown Hyena

The brown hyena (Hyaena brunnea) is a species of hyena found in Southern Africa. It is the most lightly built and smallest of the hyenas, and has a shorter mane and tail than other hyenas. The brown hyena mostly feeds on insects, small vertebrates, and carrion. Although it is shy and seldom seen, it is not as rare as some of the other African predators. It adapts well to living near humans and can be found in many protected areas.

Brown Hyena
Brown Hyena

Brown Hyena Description

The Brown Hyena is a large hyena species, native to sub-Saharan Africa. They are as big as huge sized dogs. Adults weigh between 44 and 55 kg (97 and 121 lb), and stand 70–80 cm (28–31 in) at the shoulder. The Brown Hyena is recognisable by its stout build, short mane, black-tipped ears, and brownish fur. The Brown Hyena has a reputation for being shy and reclusive, but is actually quite sociable, living in small family groups of up to 10 individuals. Brown Hyenas are mostly nocturnal, but can also be active during the day. They are predominantly scavengers, feeding on carrion left by larger predators. Although they will occasionally hunt small prey, Brown Hyenas are not very successful hunters due to their poor eyesight and lack of speed. Brown Hyenas are widespread across sub-Saharan Africa, but their numbers are thought to be declining due to habitat loss and persecution by humans.

Brown Hyena Habitat

Brown hyenas are found in Africa, south of the Sahara desert. They are most common in scrublands, but can also be found in woodlands and Grasslands. Brown hyenas prefer areas with dense cover, such as thickets or rocky outcrops. This provides them with shelter from the hot sun and hiding places from predators. Brown hyenas are opportunistic feeders and will eat a wide variety of food items, including carrion, fruits, vegetables, rodents, and even livestock. Brown hyenas play an important role in their ecosystems by helping to keep populations of other animals in check. However, they are also considered to be a nuisance by many people, as they often kill and eat livestock. As a result, brown hyenas are often persecuted by humans and their populations have declined in recent years.

Brown Hyena Diet

Brown Hyenas are not picky eaters and their diet can vary greatly depending on what is available. They are known to eat anything from carrion to vegetables, and will even hunt small animals if the opportunity arises. Brown Hyenas will also scavenge human rubbish if it is accessible. In captivity, Brown Hyenas have been known to live off a diet of meat, bones, and vegetables. Brown Hyenas are very efficient at digesting their food and they usually leave very little behind. Brown Hyenas have been known to regurgitate pellets of undigested food, which they then eat again to extract all the nutrients. Brown Hyenas are opportunistic feeders and their diet can change depending on the season and availability of food.

Brown Hyena Size

The Brown Hyena is the largest of the three species of hyena. Brown Hyenas are found in Africa and Asia. Brown Hyenas are the size of a large dog. Brown Hyenas weigh between 40 and 80 kg (88 and 176 lb). Brown Hyenas have a body length of 1.2 to 1.5 m (3 ft 11 in to 4 ft 11 in) and a shoulder height of 60 to 80 cm (24 to 31 in). Brown Hyenas have a reddish-brown coat with black spots. Brown Hyenas have long manes on their necks and shoulders. Brown Hyenas live in Africa and Asia. Brown Hyenas are solitary animals. Brown Hyenas are scavengers and eat carrion. Brown Hyenas are nocturnal animals. Brown Hyenas give birth to 2 to 3 cubs at a time. Brown Hyenas can live for up to 20 years in captivity.

Brown Hyena Image
Brown Hyena Image

Brown Hyena Lifespan

Brown hyenas are found across sub-Saharan Africa and in parts of the Arabian Peninsula. They are highly adaptable and can live in a wide range of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and deserts. Brown hyenas are the largest of the three species of hyena, and they have shaggy brown fur with black spots. Males and females are similar in size, weighing between 110 and 150 pounds. Brown hyenas typically live for around 20 years in the wild, though some individuals have been known to reach 30 years of age. Brown hyenas are social animals, living in groups of up to 30 individuals. These groups are composed of related females and their cubs, with males only joining the group during mating season. Brown hyenas are predators, feeding primarily on small mammals such as rodents and rabbits. They also scavenge carrion if necessary. Brown hyenas play an important role in their ecosystem by helping to control populations of prey species.

Brown Hyena Behavior

Brown Hyenas are nocturnal predators that hunt alone or in pairs. Although they will eat carrion if it is available, they prefer to kill their own prey. Brown Hyenas will stalk their chosen victim before attacking with a powerful bite to the neck or throat. Brown Hyenas have been known to kill animals as large as Gemsbok (Oryx gazella) and Eland (Tragelaphus oryx), although they typically hunt smaller game such as hares, rodents, and birds. Brown Hyenas are also proficient scavengers, and they will often steal kills from other predators such as lions and leopards. Despite their fierce hunting skills, Brown Hyenas are relatively shy and reclusive animals. They are most active at night, when they can avoid contact with other animals. Brown Hyenas live in social groups called clans, which typically consist of 3-5 individuals. Although Brown Hyenas are not considered threatened at this time, their numbers are declining due to habitat loss and persecution by humans.

Brown Hyena Speed

Brown hyenas are members of the family Hyaenidae, which also includes the aardwolf, striped hyena, and spotted hyena. Brown hyenas are found in Africa and parts of Asia, and they are the largest of the four species. Brown hyenas are shy and nocturnal animals that live in pairs or small family groups. They hunt primarily at night, using their excellent sense of smell to track down prey. Brown hyenas are also known for their high running speed; they can reach up to 35 miles per hour when chasing prey. Brown hyenas are relatively uncommon in the wild, and their populations are declining due to habitat loss and persecution by humans. As a result, classified as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Brown Hyena Hunting

Brown hyenas are one of the most successful predators in the African bush, with a 70% success rate in hunting attempts. These nocturnal animals hunt in packs of 2-3 individuals, using their keen sense of smell to locate prey. Brown hyenas are skilled hunters, working together to corner and kill their prey. In order to take down larger animals, such as wildebeest or zebra, brown hyenas will first bite the tendons in the legs to incapacitate their prey. Once the animal is down, the brown hyenas will start feeding, consuming both meat and bone. Brown hyenas are an important part of the African ecosystem, helping to keep populations of ungulates in check.


Brown hyenas are some of the most misunderstood animals in Africa. They have a bad reputation for being scavengers and thieves, but they are actually very important members of the ecosystem. Their intelligence and problem-solving abilities make them excellent hunters, and they play an important role in keeping populations of other animals healthy. We hope this article has helped you learn more about these fascinating creatures and that you will continue to explore the world of wildlife photography.

Frequently Asked Question


The brown hyena is an important species because it helps to keep the ecosystem in balance. The brown hyena feeds on the leftovers of other predators, so it helps to keep those populations under control. In turn, the other predators help to keep the populations of prey animals in check. This effectively creates a balance that allows all species within the ecosystem to flourish.


The heaviest brown hyena on record weighed in at 125 kg (276 lb).


As far as sounds go, brown hyenas are quite vocal creatures. They make a variety of sounds including growls, grunts, howls, and whines. Scientists believe that these animals use different sounds to communicate different things to each other.


Brown hyenas can have up to four cubs at a time.


Scientific name of brown hyena is Parahyaena brunnea. It is a large mammal of the family Hyaenidae native to southern Africa.
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