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Falcons are one of the most fascinating birds in the world. They are known for their speed and agility, and they are popular with bird enthusiasts and hunters alike. In this blog post, we will take a closer look at these amazing creatures, including their physical characteristics, diet, and hunting habits. We will also explore some of the myths and legends that surround them. So if you’re interested in learning more about these amazing birds, keep reading!

Falcon (Credit – Laurie Boyle – Flickr) (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Falcon Description

Falcons are predators that typically eat smaller birds and animals. They have large, powerful beaks and sharp talons, which they use to grasp and kill their prey. Falcons typically have dark-colored plumage, which helps them to blend in with their surroundings and ambush their prey. Some species of falcon also have a distinctive facial disk” of feathers around their eyes, which helps to deflect the sun’s glare and improve their vision. Falcons are found on every continent except Antarctica, and they typically live in open areas such as grasslands, deserts, and tundra. Some species of Falcon are also capable of migrating great distances, covering up to 3,000 miles in a single journey.

Falcon Habitat

Falcon habitat varies depending on the species, as well as the geographical region. In North America, for example, many falcons live in open grasslands or fields, while others prefer woodlands or forests. Some species also inhabit desert regions. In general, however, most falcons require a large amount of open space in order to hunt effectively. Falcons typically build their nests on cliffs or in trees, and they often return to the same nesting site year after year. Some species of falcon are currently at risk due to habitat loss and other human-related activities. As a result, it is important to take steps to protect Falcon populations and their habitats.

Falcon Image
Falcon Image (Credit – Justin Jensen – Flickr) (CC BY 2.0)

Falcon Diet

Falcon diet typically includes small to medium sized birds. Larger falcons prey on larger birds, while smaller falcons take smaller prey. Skilled hunters, falcons use their speed and sharp talons to strike their prey from the air. Falcons can reach speeds of over 200 miles per hour when swooping down on their unsuspecting quarry. While most of their diet consists of birds, falcons will also eat small mammals, reptiles, and insects. In fact, one species of falcon is known to eat more rodents than any other bird of prey. Regardless of what they are eating, all falcons share a characteristic hunting style: they fly high above their territory, looking for signs of movement below. When they spot potential prey, they dive down at high speed, striking their target with deadly accuracy.

Falcon Size

Falcon size can be difficult to determine, as these birds of prey come in a wide range of sizes. The smallest falcon is the kestrel, which typically measures just over a foot in length. On the other end of the spectrum is the gyrfalcon, which can grow to more than three feet in length. The average Falcon size falls somewhere in between these two extremes, with most species measuring between two and three feet in length. However, Falcon size can also vary significantly within a single species. For example, male gyrfalcons are typically much larger than their female counterparts, while the opposite is true for kestrels. As a result, Falcon size can be quite variable depending on the specific species and individual bird.

Falcon Picture
Falcon Picture (Credit – Scot Nelson – Flickr) Public Domain

Falcon Lifespan

The average lifespan of a Falcon is around 12 to 15 years old. However, there are some recorded cases of Falcons living up to 20 years old in the wild. The oldest Falcon on record was a captive bird that lived to be 29 years old. In captivity, Falcons typically live shorter lives due to the stress of being in an unnatural environment and the lack of access to proper food and care. While the lifespan of a Falcon in the wild may be shorter than that of a captive bird, it is still impressive considering the many dangers they face on a daily basis. Hawks, eagles, and other predators pose a threat to Falcons, as do humans who hunt them for sport or use them in Falconry. The loss of habitat due to human activity is also a major threat to Falcons, as it reduces the available areas for hunting and nesting. Despite these challenges, Falcons are resilient birds that have adapted well to changing conditions and continue to thrive in many parts of the world.

Falcon Behavior

Falcon behavior can vary depending on the species, but there are some common behaviors that are often seen in these birds. Falcons are typically very curious birds, and they will often approach humans or other animals out of curiosity. They are also known for their aggressive hunting behaviors, and they will often stoop down on their prey from a high perch. In addition, falcons are generally very social birds, and they often live in pairs or small groups. However, they can also be quite territorial, and they will defend their nesting areas from intruders. Overall, falcons are fascinating birds with a wide range of behaviors.

Falcon Speed

Falcon speed is amazing. Falcon’s can travel up to 200 miles per hour when diving for prey, and have been clocked at over 90 miles per hour in level flight. The Peregrine Falcon is the fastest member of the animal kingdom, and can reach speeds of up to 240 miles per hour when diving. Falcons are not built for prolonged endurance flight however, and cannot maintain these high speeds for more than a few seconds. Nevertheless, their incredible speed makes them lethal predators, and they are able to take down birds and small mammals in mid-flight. So next time you see a Falcon soaring through the sky, take a moment to appreciate the incredible speed of these magnificent birds.

Picture of Falcon
Picture of Falcon (Credit – Dorothy Jenkins – Flickr) (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Falcon Hunting

Falcon hunting is a method of hunting prey using a trained Falcon. The Falconer releases the Falcon near the prey, and the Falcon then pursues and catches the prey. Falcon hunting has been practiced for centuries, and Falcons were once used extensively for hunting game birds. Today, Falcon hunting is mostly done for sport, and it is considered one of the most challenging and exhilarating forms of hunting. Falconry is also considered an art form, and Falconers must have a deep knowledge of bird behavior in order to train their Falcons successfully. Falcon hunting is a demanding sport that requires both skill and patience, but it can be incredibly rewarding for those who are willing to put in the effort.


Falcon is a fascinating bird that has been used for centuries in hunting. They are also known for their speed and agility in the air. While they can be found all over the world, there are some interesting facts about these birds that many people may not know. We hope you enjoyed learning about falcons and we encourage you to do further research on your own.

Frequently Asked Question


Falcons are a predatory bird of the family Falconidae, which includes about 60 species. They eat mostly small mammals such as rodents, but also birds, reptiles and insects.


The Common Falcon can reach up to 34 inches in length, with a wingspan of up to 4 feet. The largest falcon species is the Gyrfalcon, which can exceed 5 feet in length and have a wingspan of nearly 7 feet. Falcons typically live 10-15 years in the wild, but some captive birds have been known to live 20+ years.


Falcons can be found in nearly every habitat on Earth, from the mountains to the coasts. They are highly adaptable birds that have populations in nearly every corner of the globe. In North America, for instance, there are estimated to be more than 500,000 falcons living in a variety of habitats, ranging from deserts to forests.


There are a number of ways in which humans have impacted falcon populations over the years. One of the most significant is through hunting. Falcons have been hunted for their meat, feathers, and other body parts since ancient times, and this pressure has taken a toll on their numbers. In more recent years, the development of new technologies (such as wind turbines) has also had an adverse impact on falcons, as these structures can cause collisions and other injuries. Habitat loss and fragmentation due to human activity is another major threat to falcons, as this reduces the amount of suitable habitat available for them to live in. Fortunately, there are also many people working to protect and conserve falcons populations.


[1] Falcons are part of the raptor family, which also includes hawks, eagles, and vultures. [2] Falcons are known for their powerful hunting abilities and can take down prey much larger than themselves. [3] Falcons can reach speeds of up to 200 mph when diving for prey – making them one of the fastest animals on earth. [4] There are over 60 different species of falcons found around the world, ranging in size and coloration. [5] The lifespan of a falcon in the wild is typically 10-12 years, but they can live much longer in captivity with proper care.


The Barbary Falcon is the slowest species of Falcon bird. They typically migrate at speeds of around 55 miles per hour (89 kph).
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