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The gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a reptile that is found in the rivers of India and Nepal. It is a member of the crocodilian family, and is the smallest species of crocodile in the world. Gharials are highly adapted to their aquatic environment, with long, slender snouts that are perfect for hunting fish. They are listed as critically endangered by the IUCN, and efforts are underway to protect this unique animal.


Gharial Description

Gharials are large crocodilians that are native to South Asia. They are easily distinguished from other crocodilians by their long, narrow snouts, which are lined with bristle-like teeth. Gharials typically grow to be between 12 and 15 feet in length, although some individuals have been known to reach lengths of up to 20 feet. Gharials are apex predators and primarily eat fish, although they will also occasionally eat amphibians, reptiles, and mammals. Gharials are listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature due to habitat loss and overfishing. As a result, Gharial populations have declined dramatically in recent years and the species is now at risk of extinction.

Gharial Habitat

Gharials are a type of crocodilian that is native to South Asia. They are typically found in rivers and streams with deep water and a sandy bottom. Gharials prefer areas with little human activity, as they are shy and reclusive animals. However, due to the destruction of their habitat, gharials are now considered to be critically endangered. Gharials need large areas of riverine habitat in order to survive. They require a stretch of river that is at least 4 kilometers long in order to find enough food. In addition, gharials need access to sandy areas where they can build their nests. Unfortunately, due to the construction of dams and other human activities, gharials are losing their habitat at an alarming rate. If we don’t take action to protect them, gharials could disappear entirely within our lifetime.

Gharial Diet

A Gharial’s diet consists mostly of fish, which they catch with their long, narrow snouts. Gharials are very picky eaters and will only eat certain types of fish. They use their sharp teeth to rip the fish into small pieces before swallowing them whole. Gharials typically hunt in pairs or small groups, using teamwork to corral their prey. Each gharial will take turns snapping at the fish until they are exhausted. Once the fish are easy to catch, the gharials will feast on their meal. Gharials usually hunt at night, when the water is calm and the fish are less likely to be able to escape.

Gharial Image
Gharial Image

Gharial Size

Gharials are one of the largest crocodilian species, with adults typically reaching lengths of 12-15 feet (3.7-4.6 meters). However, there have been reports of specimens reaching up to 20 feet (6.1 meters) in length. Gharials have a long and narrow snout that is adapted for catching fish, and their teeth are arranged in such a way that they can only close their mouths when their prey is secured. Gharials are listed as an endangered species due to habitat loss and hunting pressure. Thanks to conservation efforts, the gharial population has begun to rebound in recent years.

Gharial Lifespan

Historically, gharials were found throughout much of Asia, but their population has declined dramatically in recent years. Due to habitat loss and hunting, gharials are now considered to be critically endangered. The average lifespan of a gharial is 50 years in the wild. In captivity, they can live up to 70 years. Gharials are protected under Indian law, and there are several conservation efforts underway to help save this species from extinction.

Gharial Behavior

Gharials are generally shy and reclusive animals, spending most of their time in rivers and streams. However, they are known to come onto land to bask in the sun and build nests. Gharials usually lay their eggs in sandy beaches, which helps to protect them from predators. Gharials are relatively harmless to humans, but they can be aggressive if they feel threatened. As a result, it is important to give them space and avoid disturbing their habitats.

Gharial Speed

Gharials are among the fastest of all crocodilians, with speeds of up to 30 kilometers per hour reported. Gharials have been known to cover short distances on land, but they are largely aquatic animals. In the water, Gharials use their long tails to propel themselves through the water with great speed. Gharials are also known to be excellent swimmers and can stay submerged for up to two minutes at a time. Gharials are typically found in rivers and lakes in Asia, and their diet consists mostly of fish. Gharials are listed as a threatened species by the IUCN due to habitat loss and declining populations.

Gharial Hunting

Gharial hunting is the practice of hunting the Gharial crocodile for its meat and skin. The Gharial is a large crocodilian native to India and Nepal, and is one of the most endangered crocodilian species. Gharials are listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List, and their population has declined by over 90% since the 1950s. Gharial hunting is illegal in both India and Nepal, but the Gharial is still hunted in some parts of India. Gharial meat is considered a delicacy in some parts of India, and Gharial skin is used to make leather goods. Gharial hunting is detrimental to the species’ recovery, and efforts are underway to educate communities about the importance of conservation.


The gharial is an interesting reptile that deserves more attention. It is currently listed as a critically endangered species, and there are many ways we can help to protect them from extinction.

Frequently Asked Question


The gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a crocodilian found in the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers of India and Nepal. It is a heavily built crocodile with a long, slender snout. Males grow to a length of 6 m (20 ft) and weigh up to 400 kg (880 lb).


Gharials are semi-aquatic creatures that primarily inhabit the fresh waters of India and Nepal. They live in rivers, canals and other bodies of water where they feed on fish, frogs and crustaceans. Their long, slender snouts are specially adapted to seize their prey underwater. Gharials are considered endangered species due to loss of habitat and poaching.


Gharials are the longest of the living crocodilian species, and can grow up to 20 feet in length. They are slender with a long, narrow snout which is perfect for catching fish. Unlike other crocodilian species, Gharials have a very limited diet and only eat fish. They inhabit freshwater habitats in India and Nepal.


Gharials are opportunistic carnivores that feed mainly on fish, frogs, and small mammals. They have also been observed eating insects, snakes, and turtles.


While Gharials are not currently listed as an endangered species, there are several dangers that face these animals. Some of the dangers include dams and water projects which reduce the available habitat and food sources for Gharials, pollution of waterways which can poison or sicken the animals, traps set by fishermen which can injure or kill Gharials, and illegal hunting for sport or meat which threatens their survival. It is important to remember that our actions (and the actions of others) have a direct impact on these animals, so it is important to act responsibly and do what we can to protect them.


There are many ways that people can help protect Gharials. One way is to donate to or volunteer for organizations like the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) that are working to protect this species. Another way to help is by spreading awareness about the importance of Gharials and the threats they face. Finally, people can also help by supporting legislation and policies that aim to protect wild populations of Gharials.
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