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Indian Elephant

The Indian elephant is the largest land mammal in Asia. These elephants are distinguishable by their large ears and long trunk. The trunk is used for a variety of purposes, such as picking up food, drinking water, and spraying water to cool themselves down. Indian elephants live in forested areas and eat a variety of plants. In India, they are often used for labor or tourism purposes. Some conservation efforts are currently in place to help protect these animals from extinction.

Indian Elephant (Credit – Yathin S Krishnappa – Wikimedia) (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Indian Elephant Description

Indian elephants are some of the largest in the world, with bulls weighing as much as five tons. They have distinctive gray skin, and their large ears are capable of hearing low-frequency sounds. Indian elephants are herbivores, and they mainly eat grasses and leaves. They are very social animals, living in herds of up to 30 individuals. Indian elephants play an important role in their ecosystem, being keystone species that help to shape the habitat. However, they are also threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation, as well as by hunting and poaching. As a result, Indian elephants are listed as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Indian Elephant Habitat

Indian elephants are the largest living land animals and they weigh around two hundred sixty to two thousand pounds. Indian elephants have a trunk that is used for smelling, touching, drinking, and grabbing things. Indian elephants live in hot places such as the Indian subcontinent. Indian elephants eat mainly grasses, roots, fruit, and bark. Indian elephants need to drink about fifty gallons of water per day. Indian elephants usually live in small herds of six to eight family members led by an adult female. The Indian elephant habitat has shrunk due to farming, forests being cut down, and development. Indian elephants are now an endangered species because their habitat keeps getting smaller and there are only about forty thousand Indian elephants left in the wild. People can help save Indian elephants by not cutting down forests, learning more about them, and supporting organizations that are helping to save them. Herds of Indian elephants typically consist of six to eight individuals led by an adult female. The Indian elephant’s habitat has shrunk due to farming, deforestation, and development. As a result, they are now an endangered species; with only around 40,000 individuals remaining in the wild.

Indian Elephant Image (Credit – Cyndy Sims Parr – Flickr) (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Indian Elephant Diet

Indian elephants are primarily herbivores, which means that their diet consists mostly of plants. Indian elephants consume a wide variety of plants, including grasses, tree leaves, fruits, and bark. They will also eat small mammals, birds, and reptiles if they are available. Indian elephants typically drink between 50 and 200 liters of water per day. In areas where water is scarce, Indian elephants have been known to travel long distances in search of food and water.

Indian Elephant Size

Indian Elephant Indian elephants are the largest of the three Asian elephant subspecies. They are the only living members of the genus Elephas and inhabit continental Asia, mainly India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. Indian elephants grow to be about 2-3 metres at the shoulder, and 4-5 metres from head to tail. They have grey or reddish-brown skin, and their body hair is sparse and coarse. Indian elephants are herbivorous, and their diet consists mainly of grasses, trees, and shrubs. They are social animals, living in herds of up to 30 individuals. Indian elephants are endangered due to habitat loss and hunting.

Indian Elephant Picture (Credit – Jayanand Govindaraj – Wikimedia) (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Indian Elephant Lifespan

Indian elephants are among the longest-lived of all mammals. In the wild, they typically live to between 70 and 80 years old. This is much longer than most other species of elephant. For comparison, African elephants typically live to between 60 and 70 years old, while captive Asian elephants often only live to between 40 and 50 years old. Indian elephants are also among the largest of all elephant species. They can weigh up to five tonnes and reach heights of up to three metres at the shoulder. Indian elephants are found throughout India and parts of Southeast Asia. They are an important part of Indian culture and traditions, and have been revered by Hindus since ancient times. Indian elephants are an endangered species, with an estimated population of only around 20,000 individuals. However, their long lifespan means that they play an important role in the ecosystem, and their loss would be devastating. Indian elephants are a vital part of the Indian landscape, and their future is intimately linked to the future of India itself.

Indian Elephant Behavior

Indian elephants are large mammals that are native to the Indian subcontinent. Indian elephants are characterized by their long trunk, large ears, and thick skin. Indian elephants typically weigh between two and four tonnes, and they can grow to be up to six metres long. Indian elephants are herbivores, and they primarily eat leaves, grasses, and fruits. Indian elephants are social animals, and they live in families called “herds”. Herds typically consist of related females and their young offspring. Indian elephants typically reproduce every four to six years, and female elephants usually give birth to a single calf. Indian elephants have a lifespan of around 60 years. Indian elephants are endangered due to habitat loss and hunting.

Picture of Indian Elephant (Credit – Sundar – Wikimedia) (CC BY 2.0)

Indian Elephant Speed

Indian elephants are the largest of the three subspecies of Asian elephant, and are native to the Indian subcontinent. Indian elephants are typically smaller than their African cousins, but are still massive animals, weighing in at around 2,000-4,000 kilograms. Indian elephants are herbivorous animals, and spend most of their time grazing on grasses and other vegetation. Indian elephants are also excellent swimmers, and have been known to wade through rivers to reach new feeding grounds. Despite their size, Indian elephants are actually quite fast, and can reach speeds of up to 40 kilometers per hour. Indian elephants are also highly intelligent animals, and have been known to use tools and cooperate with other elephants in order to complete tasks. Indian elephants are an iconic species, and play an important role in the cultures of many countries in South Asia.

Indian Elephant Hunting

Indian elephants are often hunted for their tusks, which are made of ivory. Ivory is a valuable material that has been used for centuries to make artwork and other luxury items. Indian elephants typically have larger tusks than other species of elephants, making them a prized target for hunters. Unfortunately, this has led to a dramatic decline in the Indian elephant population. In response to the dwindling numbers, the Indian government has placed a ban on hunting Indian elephants. This measure has helped to stabilize the population, but it is still far below its historical levels. Indian elephants are an iconic species, and their continued survival is essential to the country’s biodiversity.


The Indian elephant is the largest land animal in Asia and one of the two species of elephants found on the continent. These massive creatures can weigh up to six tons and stand over three meters tall at the shoulder. They are distinguishable by their large ears, which they use to fan themselves and cool down. Indian elephants are herbivores, feeding mainly on bamboo, leaves, fruit, and bark. They live in herds of ten to fifteen animals led by a dominant adult male known as a bull. Female elephants, or cows, do most of the day-to-day care for calves and lead the herd when the bull is absent.

Frequently Asked Question


The Indian elephant is called “Vishnu,” named after the Hindu god Vishnu who is often depicted with an elephant head.


Yes, Indian elephants do have tusks. Tusks are elongated incisors that grow continuously throughout an elephant’s life. Male elephants typically have larger tusks than female elephants. Tusks are used for digging for food, fighting, and marking territory.


The Indian elephant is smaller than the African elephant. They have smaller ears, and a more rounded back. Their skin is smoother and their tusks are straighter. African elephants are taller, have bigger ears, and a more pronounced hump on their back. Their skin is rougher, and their tusks curve outwards.


Indian elephants have between 48 and 52 teeth. Their molars are ridged and continue to grow throughout their lives, so they often wear down their teeth by chewing on hard objects. Indian elephants also use their tusks for digging and moving objects, so they can often lose tusks as well.


Pregnancy for Indian elephants generally lasts around two years. During this time, the female elephant will go through several changes in her body and her environment as she readies herself to become a mother.
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