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Moscow Watchdog

Have you ever wondered what it’s like to have a loyal and loving canine companion by your side? If so, then the Moscow Watchdog is likely to catch your eye! These large and impressive dogs were originally bred in Russia in the 19th century for protection, and today they are highly valued companions that are fierce protectors of their families. Known for their size, strength, intelligence, loyalty, and protective instincts – not to mention their beautiful coat of thick fur – Moscow Watchdogs make excellent additions to any family. In this blog post we’ll tell you all about the breed; including its history, traits & care needs – everything you need to know if you’re considering owning a Moscow Watchdog of your own!

Moscow Watchdog
Moscow Watchdog

Moscow Watchdog Description

The Moscow Watchdog is an impressive breed. This breed is well-muscled, giving it the strength and agility that it needs for its original purpose as a guard dog. The dogs have a large head, powerful jaws, and a sturdy body that is slightly longer than it is tall. Their eyes are dark and round, giving them an alert and intelligent expression. The coat of the Moscow Watchdog is another striking feature. They have a thick, dense double coat that helps to protect them from the cold. The coat is typically white with red or brindle patches, although the amount and placement of the patches can vary. This breed’s coat requires regular brushing to prevent matting and keep it looking its best. Despite their imposing appearance, Moscow Watchdogs are known for their gentle and loyal nature. They are very protective of their family and home but are typically calm and relaxed when within their familiar surroundings.

Moscow Watchdog Habitat

Moscow Watchdogs require a spacious living environment due to their large size and energetic nature. Ideally, these dogs should have access to a large, fenced yard where they can roam and play freely. Living in an apartment or small space can lead to restlessness and behavioral problems, given their need for regular exercise and mental stimulation. However, they should not be left outside for extended periods, especially in extremely hot conditions, as their thick coat can make them prone to overheating. In the wild, Moscow Watchdogs can adapt to a wide range of climates, thanks to their thick, double-layered coat. They’re well suited for chilly climates and can tolerate snowy, cold conditions better than many other breeds. For this reason, they were often used as working dogs in Russia’s harsh winters.

However, they need to be provided with a suitable shelter to protect them from extreme cold or heat, and adequate fresh water should always be readily available. When it comes to their indoor environment, Moscow Watchdogs enjoy being part of family activities and should not be isolated. Although they can be quite independent, they also need companionship and social interaction to stay happy and healthy. They can adapt to indoor living, as long as they receive enough exercise and mental stimulation. Keep in mind that because of their size, they might accidentally knock over small objects or furniture, so a clutter-free space is ideal.

Moscow Watchdog Diet

A Moscow Watchdog’s diet should be well-balanced and nutritious, ensuring that all their dietary needs are met. Due to their large size and active nature, they require a diet high in lean proteins to support muscle development and maintenance. This can include meats like chicken, beef, and fish. Carbohydrates are also crucial, they provide energy to these active dogs. It’s best to stick with complex carbohydrates like sweet potatoes, brown rice, or barley as these are easier for dogs to digest and provide longer-lasting energy. In addition to protein and carbohydrates, a Moscow Watchdog’s diet should also include a good amount of fruits and vegetables. These provide the necessary vitamins, minerals, and fiber that the dog needs for optimal health. You can include carrots, peas, and apples in their diet. They also benefit from healthy fats, which support skin and coat health. This can be sourced from fish oil or flaxseed. It’s important to note that the Moscow Watchdog may have a larger appetite than smaller breeds, but you should monitor their weight and adjust food intake accordingly to prevent obesity.

Moscow Watchdog Image
Moscow Watchdog Image

Moscow Watchdog Size

As previously mentioned, the Moscow Watchdog is a large and powerful breed. With an average height of 25 to 27 inches at the shoulder, these dogs give a solid and imposing presence. The typical weight for a healthy Moscow Watchdog ranges between 100 to 150 pounds. Considering this size, Moscow Watchdogs are not well-suited to small living environments. They require ample space to move around comfortably, and potential owners should bear this in mind when considering adopting this breed. While their size makes them an excellent deterrent for potential intruders, it also means they require a significant amount of food to maintain health and energy levels. Despite their large stature, Moscow Watchdogs are known for their gentle nature. They carry their size with grace and are generally calm and composed creatures. Their size doesn’t affect their ability to integrate well with families and other pets.

Moscow Watchdog Lifespan

The Moscow Watchdog typically has a lifespan of 9 to 11 years, which is fairly standard for large breeds. As with any breed, the Moscow Watchdog’s lifespan can be influenced by several factors, including genetics, diet, exercise, and overall health care. Despite being generally healthy, they are prone to certain health issues common in large breeds, such as hip dysplasia, heart problems, and obesity. Regular veterinary check-ups and preventive care can help identify potential health issues early and extend their life expectancy. It’s important to note that the quality of life is just as important as the lifespan for these dogs. Providing them with a balanced diet, regular exercise, mental stimulation, and plenty of love and attention can significantly improve their quality of life. A Moscow Watchdog that is well taken care of, loved, and given the right attention can lead a happy, fulfilling life well into its senior years.

Moscow Watchdog Behavior

Moscow Watchdogs are known for their balanced and calm temperament. Despite their large size and formidable appearance, they exhibit a gentle demeanor and are generally known for their loyalty and protective nature. These dogs form strong bonds with their families, displaying an affectionate side towards their loved ones. However, as a guarding breed, they tend to be reserved and cautious around strangers, making them excellent watchdogs. Their protective instincts kick in when they perceive any potential threat to their families. In terms of training, Moscow Watchdogs are intelligent and quick learners, but they also exhibit a strong will. It’s crucial to establish firm and consistent leadership early on, as these dogs respond best to a confident and assertive trainer. Early socialization is also essential to ensure they grow into well-rounded dogs. Exposure to various environments, people, and other animals from a young age can help the dog become more adaptable and less likely to display aggressive or fearful behavior. Similarly, mental stimulation is as important as physical exercise to maintain the well-being of a Moscow Watchdog. Due to their intelligence, these dogs can easily get bored if not provided with enough mental challenges.

Moscow Watchdog Picture
Moscow Watchdog Picture

Moscow Watchdog Speed

The Moscow Watchdog, in spite of its large size and solid build, can reach impressive speeds. These dogs are known to be quite agile, a quality that was selectively bred into them for guard and rescue work. They can achieve speeds of up to 20 miles per hour, which is quite impressive for a breed of their size. Their speed, combined with their strength, makes them an effective deterrent against intruders and a valuable companion for search and rescue operations. However, it’s important to note that while Moscow Watchdogs can attain this speed, they are not built for endurance running. They are more suited for short bursts of speed over short distances.

Long-distance running at high speeds could potentially overexert these dogs and lead to health issues, especially considering their predisposition to conditions like hip dysplasia. Therefore, while they can run fast, it’s essential to ensure they are not overworked and that they are given ample time for rest and recovery. It is also worth mentioning that the speed of a Moscow Watchdog can vary based on factors such as age, overall health, and fitness levels. For instance, puppies and young dogs are typically more energetic and can run faster, while older dogs may be slower due to age and joint issues. Regular moderate exercise is crucial to maintain their physical health and agility. Despite their capabilities, it’s always essential to keep the dog’s well-being in mind and not exceed their physical limitations.

Moscow Watchdog Training

Training a Moscow Watchdog requires a consistent and patient approach. As a breed, they are intelligent and capable of learning quickly. However, their stubborn streak can sometimes pose a challenge. It’s important to start training early, ideally when the Moscow Watchdog is a puppy, to establish good behavior patterns. During these early stages, it’s beneficial to focus on basic obedience training, such as teaching the dog to respond to commands like “sit”, “stay”, and “come”. Training should always be conducted in a positive manner, with rewards and praises given for good behavior. Socialization is another crucial aspect of training a Moscow Watchdog. Given their protective nature and natural wariness of strangers, it’s crucial that these dogs are exposed to a variety of people, environments, and situations from an early age.

This will help them understand what is normal and what is not, reducing the likelihood of them becoming overly protective or aggressive. Regular trips to dog parks, and busy urban areas, and inviting friends over to your home are effective ways to socialize your Moscow Watchdog. Finally, mental stimulation should be an integral part of a Moscow Watchdog’s training regime. These dogs are intelligent and need to be mentally challenged to prevent boredom and subsequent behavioral issues. Puzzle toys, agility training, and advanced obedience training can provide the mental stimulation they require. It’s also worth noting that, despite their independent nature, Moscow Watchdogs enjoy participating in family activities. Including them in such activities can contribute to their mental satisfaction and overall well-being.

Moscow Watchdog Hunting

While the Moscow Watchdog isn’t typically associated with hunting, their intelligence, strength, and agility can indeed be utilized in hunting scenarios. These dogs, initially bred for guard and rescue work, possess a keen sense of smell and a strong prey drive. They also have a robust physical constitution, enabling them to navigate diverse terrains with ease. Therefore, even though they aren’t traditional hunting dogs, their inherent qualities can contribute to a successful hunting expedition. However, if you’re considering harnessing your Moscow Watchdog’s potential for hunting, it’s crucial to understand that this isn’t an activity you can simply launch them into. Like any other form of training, preparing a Moscow Watchdog for hunting requires patience, consistency, and a thorough understanding of the breed’s instincts and temperament. Start with basic obedience training, and gradually introduce them to the sounds and scents of the hunting environment. Equally important is the physical conditioning of the dog. Regular exercise to build endurance, coupled with a balanced, nutrient-rich diet, is essential to ensure the dog can withstand the rigors of a hunting expedition.

Moscow Watchdog Facts
Moscow Watchdog Facts


In conclusion, the Moscow Watchdog is a robust and versatile breed with a rich guard and rescue work history. Their impressive strength and agility underline their physical capabilities, while their keen intelligence makes them capable learners. Training these dogs requires patience and consistency, but the rewards are a well-behaved and loyal companion. While not traditionally considered hunting dogs, their innate qualities can indeed be harnessed for this purpose with the right training and conditioning. Ultimately, regardless of the role they’re placed in, the well-being and comfort of a Moscow Watchdog should always be the priority. Their loyalty and protective nature make them not just pets, but valuable members of the family.

Frequently Asked Question


Common health issues in Moscow Watchdogs include hip and elbow dysplasia, bloat, heart problems, and skin allergies. Regular veterinary check-ups and a healthy lifestyle can help manage and prevent these issues.


Moscow Watchdogs have a dense double coat that requires regular brushing to prevent matting and shedding. Occasional baths, nail trimming, and ear cleaning are also important for their grooming needs.


The average lifespan of a Moscow Watchdog is around 9 to 11 years. Providing proper care, nutrition, and regular veterinary check-ups can contribute to their longevity.


Moscow Watchdogs are large dogs that can reach heights of around 25 to 27 inches at the shoulder, and weigh between 100 to 150 pounds.


Moscow Watchdogs are known for their strong and powerful build, with a protective and loyal nature. They exhibit confidence, intelligence, and are often calm and friendly with their family members.
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