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Have you ever taken a walk along the beach and heard a lively little creature hopping from place to place? Chances are, this curious critter is a natterjack! These charming amphibians can be found in all corners of the world, distinguished by their bright yellow stripes running down their back and unique call. Even better- Natterjacks are an incredibly charismatic species that love to make themselves at home in human habitats—especially near salty ponds and wetlands alongside beaches. Read on to discover more about these delightful animals!


Natterjack Description

Natterjacks are small but striking amphibians with a unique yellow stripe running down their backs. The bright yellow line that distinguishes them from other species is a key characteristic of this species, and it’s usually accompanied by spots or blotches of darker colors on their bodies. Their heads are relatively large in comparison to the rest of their body, and they have beady eyes and wide mouths. Additionally, natterjacks have special glands near each eye that produce a creamy white secretion when threatened or excited.

Natterjack Habitat

Natterjacks are highly adapted to moist habitats and can be found in numerous wetland areas, such as coastal dunes, salt marshes, and sheltered bays. These amphibians prefer shallow bodies of water with plenty of vegetation along the edges and nearby beaches. They are not overly picky about where they live; they simply need a source of food and shelter, which can be found near virtually any wet area. Natterjacks also seek out brackish waters or standing pools that are close to open shorelines. This provides them with ready access to air temperature fluctuations, as well as their primary food source. These amphibians also build burrows to protect themselves from predators or environmental extremes like high temperatures. The burrows have a single entrance and exit at ground level and typically measure around 1-2cm in diameter. Each natterjack will also dig up to 8-10 burrows per season, depending on its size and how much energy it has available. These burrows provide protection during hibernation periods—which usually last from November until April—as well as during periods of intense heat or drought in the summer months.

Natterjack Diet

Natterjacks feed mainly on a variety of small invertebrates, such as beetles, spiders, snails, worms, and ants. These amphibians use their long tongues to catch their prey and are known to actively hunt in the early morning and evening when the air is more humid and they can absorb moisture through their skin. Natterjacks also have special glands near each eye that produce a creamy white secretion when they are threatened or excited. This secretion helps them to detect potential food sources before attacking. Natterjacks also scavenge for food when necessary; this includes organic material from decaying plants or animals, as well as carrion. They will even eat smaller frogs or tadpoles if given the opportunity! Additionally, natterjacks may sometimes feed on vegetation such as algae, fungi, and mosses growing around their habitat.

Natterjack Image
Natterjack Image

Natterjack Size

Natterjacks are relatively small amphibians that typically measure between 4-7 cm in length. However, some specimens have been known to grow up to double this size. They have long and thin legs which help them to travel quickly across their habitat.  Overall, natterjacks may be small but they have a big impact on the environment around them – these charismatic critters provide an important food source for predators and keep insect populations under control with their voracious appetite! With their unique coloration and distinctive call, natterjacks make an unmistakable presence in any habitat where they reside.

Natterjack Lifespan

Natterjacks have a relatively short lifespan. In the wild, they typically live for around 2 to 3 years – however, some specimens can survive up to 5 years if given the correct conditions and care. In captivity, these amphibians can reach up to 8 years of age with proper nutrition and environmental control. The longevity of natterjacks is largely dependent on their environment; they require moist habitats in order to regulate their body temperature and access food sources. If there is too much sun or heat, they may become dehydrated or overheat; this could lead to premature death, even at a young age. Natterjacks also face threats from predators like hedgehogs or birds of prey who may hunt them down for food. In general, natterjacks are hardy creatures that can survive harsh conditions—but if given the ideal environment and care, they can experience long lifespans filled with happiness and joy! With proper nutrition and access to plenty of moisture-rich habitats, these amphibians could potentially live much longer than expected.

Natterjack Behavior

Natterjacks are solitary creatures by nature and usually live alone, except during mating season when groups of up to twenty individuals can form. Typically, these amphibians will establish a home range which they will patrol in search of food and mates. This range could measure anywhere between just a few meters to several kilometers depending on the availability of resources in the area. Natterjacks are also known for their unique mating call which is often described as a ‘cuckoo-like’ sound – males use this call to attract potential mates, as well as ward off potential competitors. These amphibians breed between late April and early June after hibernation; the female lays her eggs among vegetation or rocks before leaving them to develop on their own.

Natterjack Picture
Natterjack Picture

Natterjack Speed

Natterjacks are surprisingly fast creatures and can usually reach speeds of up to 2.5 mph when they move across land. Although this may not seem like much, it is impressive considering the fact that they only have four small legs which they use to drive themselves forward. Their speed also increases when they move through the water due to their streamlined body shape and powerful webbed feet which act like paddles. Natterjacks have remarkable reflexes and can react quickly to potential threats or food sources in their environment. They are able to sense movement around them before instinctively speeding away from danger or towards a desirable item with lightning speed. This agility helps them escape predators as well as capture prey; it also serves as an important advantage when competing for mates during the breeding season.

Natterjack Reproduction and Life Cycle

Natterjacks reproduce through a process of internal fertilization, where sperm is transferred from the male to the female during mating. Afterward, the female will deposit her eggs among vegetation or rocks in shallow water bodies, often close to shorelines. These eggs are typically laid in small clumps and take around 2 weeks to hatch; once hatched, they become larvae that feed off algae and other small aquatic organisms until they reach maturity. Once mature, natterjacks begin their transformation into adults. This process takes several months and involves significant changes to their body shape, coloration, and anatomy; for instance, at this stage adult males develop their characteristic yellow stripe running down their back. During this time of transformation, adult natterjacks can be identified by external features like a broader head shape and increased size compared to larvae. Once the transition is complete, they leave their aquatic habitat and establish themselves on land – here they will continue to hunt for food as well as look for potential mates.

Natterjack Hunting

Natterjacks are skilled hunters, relying on both their speed and agility to capture unsuspecting prey. They have an incredible sense of smell and can usually detect potential food sources from distances up to 40 meters away. In addition, they rely heavily on vision and sound to hunt – they use their large eyes to spot movement in the water or on land while using their distinct cuckoo-like mating call to distract prey. When hunting, natterjacks will often hunt from a distance before slowly moving in for the kill.

Once within striking range, they will quickly lunge forward with surprising speed – using their powerful front legs to grab hold of whatever is in their path before gobbling it up! Natterjacks also make clever use of the environment around them; when feeding in shallow waters, they may take advantage of aquatic vegetation or other cover to avoid predators while still snatching up food items. Natterjacks are most active during the day and tend to be less active at night. However, since these amphibians need moisture-rich habitats in order to survive, they may become more active during periods of higher humidity or rainfall when conditions are optimal for foraging and hunting.

Natterjack Facts
Natterjack Facts


Natterjacks are fascinating amphibians that possess a variety of unique behaviors and attributes. From their distinctive mating call to their impressive speed and reflexes, these creatures have enabled them to survive and thrive in various wetland habitats over millions of years. As such, they provide important ecological functions like controlling insect populations as well as dispersing nutrients across wide areas – making them integral members of healthy ecosystems around the world! With proper care and environmental conditions, natterjacks can continue to be successful species for generations to come. Thank you for taking the time to learn more about these remarkable amphibians!

Frequently Asked Question


Natterjacks primarily eat a variety of invertebrates, such as insects, spiders, and small crustaceans. Their diet consists mainly of terrestrial and aquatic prey found in their natural habitats.


The lifespan of a Natterjack toad in the wild is typically around 2-3 years, depending on factors such as predation, habitat quality, and environmental conditions.


The main predators of Natterjack toads include birds of prey, snakes, mammals like foxes and badgers, and larger amphibians. They are vulnerable to predation during their terrestrial and aquatic stages of life.


Natterjack toads are commonly found in sandy and coastal habitats across Europe, including dunes, heathlands, marshes, and grasslands near bodies of water. They prefer areas with suitable breeding sites and abundant insect prey.


Natterjack toads reproduce through external fertilization. During the breeding season, males emit loud mating calls to attract females to water bodies, where they lay their eggs. The eggs are fertilized by the males as they are released, and then develop into tadpoles that undergo metamorphosis into juvenile toads.
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